Monday, October 20, 2014

Luan Information Guide and Instruction Installation

Is Luan The Best For Floors?

Surprisingly, luan plywood can be used as flooring, when fully installed, and cut into planks or cut into square pieces. However the sheets should be glued down, with floor tape adhesive or glue, and then nailed throughout, or if you prefer, for appearance, you can just use the adhesive glue without nailing the flooring into place. You can screw the heads to make a tigher fit, however some believe this may make for a more unsightly project when the fasteners appear through the finished floor.


Luan Wood Video Series
Bending Luan Wood Video
Installing Luan Wood Video
Cutting and Installing Vinyl Over Luan
Installing Luan Over Subfloor
Laying laminate over Subfloor
Making Tile Flush With Subfloor
Attaching Luan To Subfloor
Working With Luan For Do It Yourselfers

Luan, can be installed over solid, or smooth subfloors, like wood, or plywood, or concrete. Since luan is not very heavy, it can be used as flooring even though by most it is considered a temporary flooring option. It has been used on many do-it-yourself projects, which showcase this material as a great flooring option, however even though it has a nice appearance, it's durability is not that great.
 
How To Install Luan and Tools Required

  • Allow the plywood to sit for several days in the room in which will be installed
  • Make sure the subfloor is dry and structuraly sound
  • Install and secure with 1″ deck scews a sheet of plywood, smooth side facing upward
  • Make sure the underlayment sems are not aligned with the subfloor seams
  • Lay the following plywood sheet – start along the longest wall and leave 1/4″ expansion gaps in between sheets and between the sheets the walls
  • Secure the plywood sheet every 6″ – make sure to drive the deck screw heads bellow the surface of the plywood sheet
  • Cut the plywood shets as required to follow the surface of the floor
  • Apply floor patching over the screw heads and the plywood seams
  • After the patching compound has dried, sand the compound
  • Vaccum and wipe with a damp cloth all the resulting dust
Tools Required for Luan Plywood Installation

Drill Kit, Circular Saw, Wallboard Knife, Floor Patching Compound, Floor Roller, 1 inch Wood Screws, 1/8 inch notched trowel, Jig Saw, Power Sander, 1/4 inch notched trowel, Fiberglass Mesh Tape, Thin-set Motar, and Deck Screws.
 
Using Ceramic or Carpeting Over Luan Plywood (Subflooring)

How to Bend Plywood


If you have wood floor of different widths and lengths compromised of two layers. Each layer should act independently of each other in regards to how it constracts and expands. If you might have noticed, hardwood on a wood surface will expand when it's humid and shrink when it's dry or hot.

Replace hardwood with Exterior Glue Plywood with the minimum thinkness of 3/8's of an inch. Fasten according to APA guidelines, and then from this point on you can use either an uncoupling membrane or install the tile directly to the plywood. The cost of uncoupling the membrane will be money well spent, as you will find.

Using grout sealer will not make the subfloor or the ceramic waterproof, the only purpose of the grout filler is to reduce the effects of staining.
 
Installing Laun Flooring - Best Methods:
Installing Laun Flooring - Best Methods:



Instructions

1 Cut the luan sheets to fit the area to be covered, taking care to stagger the seams so the luan edges do not end at the same line as the edges of the subfloor that covers the floor joists.

A space of one quarter inch should be left between the luan sheets to allow for expansion.

2 Screw the luan into place, using deck screws placed every six inches on the surface of the luan and taking care to drive the screws slightly below the surface of the luan.

3 Finish the seams and screw heads by filling with floor patch; allow to dry as per the patch manufacturer's instructions.

4 Sand the patched areas until smooth.


Installing Laun Flooring - Best Methods:

Many new flooring installations require a new underlayment be installed in order to properly prepare the subfloor for the new flooring material. Luan is a common material used for underlayment, and it is imperative that the luan be properly secured to assure the integrity of the new flooring once it is installed. While different flooring materials may call for specifics isolated to the particular flooring, there is a standard process for securing luan as a flooring underlayment
Comparing Luan Wood To Balsa Wood

Main Differences:

Luan Wood is a Mahogany Plywood.


Balsa Wood is a ligher coloured hardwood. It can be made into Plywood, like Luan, but it is more commonly found in small dimensional solids.

Another Important Difference is Price. Balsa Wood is more expensive than Luan Wood, and usually when you hear a tradesman speaking of luan, he is actually talking about plywood. It is usually found in a demension of 1/8 inch to 1/4 inchs by 4 to 8 feet. The most common use of luan wood is as underlayment for vinyl, tile, or rolled flooring
 
Baltic Birch Plywood

Baltic birch plywood is high quality plywood that is known for having multiple plies that are free of voids and imperfections. Whereas Luan plywood is known for it's cost effectiveness, and it's use as a underlayment for different types of Flooring, such as Vinyl, Laminate and Tile Flooring.

Luan Wood for Marine (Naval and Boating)


Luan is an umbrella term for many types of wood. Luan is also only the veneer, the core wood is going to be something very different. The main things to look for are marine or ext and lots of plies.

A sheet of good marine ply in 1" thickness is going to run you north of $100, if the price is substantially less.

Marine ply is also going to have more plies than typical construction ply, you want to be on the look out for higher numbers, greater than 7 in my opinion.

Marine ply is going to be lighter than ext ply and especially pressure treated ply. For your boat I would go with the Home Depot pressure treated varieties.

Your best bet is to get 2 sheets of 3/4 pt ply, let them dry for a week, then glue them together
Attach Luan to Concrete

Attaching Luan to Concrete Floors, is possible if you first overlay the concrete with a think material such as plywood, then use the Laun Material overtop of that. You should use fasteners to attach the thicker plywood pieces to the floor. The best option when using fasteners is to use nails or cememt nails. If you're using the nails made of cement you must first make sure that all the heads of the nails are covered in a putty or smooth finish. The reason for this is that the nail's hard top surface over time will destroy the the laun board material.
 

How to Lay Luan Plywood Over the Sub-Floor

If the subfloor is in good shape then there is really no need in installing luan plywood on top. Just regular straight edge plywood will do and then it will be a little easier on you with less waste. For the strongest floor, you want the sheets running in the same direction as the subfloor, which is perpendicular to the joists.


With thelong edges of the luan sheets should be offset from the subfloor by at least 4", and more is okay. The short edges of luan board (plywood) should 1/4 of the way between the joists, for example 4" from the joist if they're 16" O.C. and 6" if they're 24" O.C. You are correct about the spacing of the sheets. Also make sure to screw the two layers together, but avoid hitting the joists. The easiest way to do this is to use screws that are the same length as the thickness of both layers, 1 1/4" in your case.

Sometimes it's not possible to find screws that exact length, but you can find 1 1/2", and that's okay since you'll have very minimal penetration of the joists with that size screw. You want screws every 4-6" around the perimeter of the sheet, and every 6-8" in the field. Use deck screws, not drywall screws. You want them seated flush, but not below the surface. Depending on how many square feet you have to do, you may want to try to get your hands on a deck screw gun.

If you go through 50-60 screws per sheet and have 30-40 sheets to do, it can be very time-consuming and back-breaking. This will give you an exceptionally strong subfloor that should hold up to just about anything.


Luan Type 1 plywood is a heavier grade plywood and it's made of plywood sourced out of Brazil and South America Usually, and also Indoenesia, Type 1 graded luan material is usually the only type accepted by most sheet vinyl manufacturers as an appropriate sheet vinyl subfloor.

How Do You Attach Type 1 Luan Plywood to Concrete or Subfloor:

Attaching Luan to Concrete Floors, is possible if you first overlay the concrete with a think material such as plywood, then use the Laun Material overtop of that. You should use fasteners to attach the thicker plywood pieces to the floor. The best option when using fasteners is to use nails or cememt nails. If you're using the nails made of cement you must first make sure that all the heads of the nails are covered in a putty or smooth finish. The reason for this is that the nail's hard top surface over time will destroy the the laun board material
 

Installing Luan Under Sheet Vinyl

Installing Luan Under Sheet Vinyl Floor (Flooring)
Many Times people have asked me how best to install luan plywood under sheet vinyl Floor as a subflooring material. Here is a quick rundown of steps you can follow for best results:

CDX Plywood


Luan Wood Video Series
Bending Luan Wood Video
Installing Luan Wood Video
Cutting and Installing Vinyl Over Luan
Installing Luan Over Subfloor
Laying laminate over Subfloor
Making Tile Flush With Subfloor
Attaching Luan To Subfloor
Working With Luan For Do It Yourselfers
Step 1.
Wipe clean the subfloor which will be covered with the luan plywood panels, and ensure that any dirt or residue has been cleaned throughly and that any splinters which pop up have been cleared and removed. Once this first step has been completed properly, you can then determine the amount of luan wood which will be required to cover the floor. Luan plywood as a rule comes in sheets which measure 4 X 8 feet.
Start your work from the corner of the space you intend to cover, and apply adhesive stick on the floors as you place the luan wood. The adheasive will help maintain a smooth surface once your topfloor has been laid.
Step 2
Begin to set the luan plywood into place, leaving a space of 1/8 inch around the edge by the walls. Use screws or staples with a gun, to fasten the luan wood into place. Place staples or screws at every 6 inches around the outside of the sheet, and every 8 inches inside the sheet.
Offset the seams of the plywood board (luan) as you lay the material, this will ensure all the corners of the wood do not line up, and this will make your work appear seamless. Make sure the connections are random and they don't line up with the connectors in the subflooring.
Step 3
Mark the sheets as a measure so that they are staggered when laid, and fit into smaller area. Use a mechanical saw to cut edges which will be placed near the wall. Mak sure the cuts are clean to give a tight fit at the corners and wall
Ensure the laun which has been laid is smooth in all areas, and doesnt have any raised staples or screws. Sand the surface if required before laying top flooring (vinyl or laminate)
 

 

Friday, August 8, 2014

5x8 sheets of luan | What is Luan - Plywood Underlayment ?

What is Luan - Plywood Underlayment


Luan Plywood is made up from multiple layers of thin sheets of luan wood pressed together and glued together with the grain alternating direction. This gives luan plywood it's great strength.





Luan Wood Video Series
Bending Luan Wood Video
Installing Luan Wood Video
Cutting and Installing Vinyl Over Luan
Installing Luan Over Subfloor
Laying laminate over Subfloor
Making Tile Flush With Subfloor
Attaching Luan To Subfloor
Working With Luan For Do It Yourselfers

 Luan usually uses a solid core material which is compressed between two layers of veneer. The veneer is usally some species of low grade mahogany. Luan is typically used in interior applications such as for the under laying of laminate or vinyl flooring. It's also used to make hollow core for interior doors.

 
CDX Plywood

Plywood Construction BooksWorking With Plywood
Build Your Own Hollow Wood SurfboardWood Pallet Recycling for Profit 
Hundreds of Boat Plans For SaleWood Burning Stove Plans 
Worldwide Marketplace For Wood ProductsThe Complete Intarsia Manual 
Build Your Own HomeBuild Your Own Handrailing
Affluent Boat Builders Build Your Own Surf Paddle
Unique CNC Hobby Router PlansCraft Furniture Plans
My Shed PlansWoodworking Plans 
More Boatbuilding Plans Woodprofits.com
Wood Pellets Woodenluremarking
Build a Woodburning Pizza Oven  Learn from the Master Contractor

Did Mot Leave Gap Between Luan

What is Lauan Plywood ?

Updated June 5, 2013    

       Lauan Veneer Plywood is just another spelling of Luan Plywood. Although, it is a manufactured wood panel made from thin sheets of Lauan wood Veneer. It is widely used for wood products.


Luan Wood Video Series
Bending Luan Wood Video
Installing Luan Wood Video
Cutting and Installing Vinyl Over Luan
Installing Luan Over Subfloor
Laying laminate over Subfloor
Making Tile Flush With Subfloor
Attaching Luan To Subfloor
Working With Luan For Do It Yourselfers

  This wood is flexible, workable, re-usable and inexpensive. It usually can be manufactured locally. Plywood is most used instead of plain wood, because Plywood has a resistance to cracking, shrinkage and splitting. Plus, twisting and/or warping can be stopped because of the woods' high strength. 

  Layers of Lauan Wood, are called Vaneers, and are glued together with adjacent plies. These plies have their wood grain at right angles to each other, which are to form a composite material. The alternation of the grain is called cross-graining and has several important benefits.
  One example: Lauan Plywood Vaneer reduces the tendency of most wood to split when being nailed at the edges. This is a benefit for many "do it yourself" jobs at the point of installing Lauan board Plywood.




Installing Luan Plywood

  The best way to install Luan wood(Plywood) board is to first lay out the Luan wood on the floor, at any corner of the room. The Plywood would be in a single direction, the same way that any subfloor materials would be laid out. Leave a gap of about 1/16 inch between the walls and the Plywood panels. Use a staple gun, or screws to insert 1/4 inch staples into the boards. The boards should be at a half-foot apart from each other, being across from the surface of the Luan wood. Then again, insert the staples every couple of inches apart, which are along the edges of the project. To finish, install more Luan Plywood panels in a similar way, and then leave about 1/16 inch of a gap between the boards


Plywood Construction BooksWorking With Plywood
Build Your Own Hollow Wood Surfboard Wood Pallet Recycling for Profit 
Hundreds of Boat Plans For Sale Wood Burning Stove Plans 
Worldwide Marketplace For Wood Products The Complete Intarsia Manual 
Build Your Own Home Build Your Own Handrailing
Affluent Boat Builders Build Your Own Surf Paddle
Unique CNC Hobby Router Plans Craft Furniture Plans
My Shed Plans Woodworking Plans 
More Boat building Plans  Woodprofits.com
Wood Pellets Woodenluremarking
Build a Woodburning Pizza Oven Learn from the Master Contractor

did mot leave gap between luan


Check out these helpful links on Luan Plywood Flooring


You don't need to pad between the subloor and the plywood, although I wouldn't recommend against it. (An acoustical foam underlay will help reduce noise). Lay the plywood sheets on top of the foam padding underlayment. Use glue and then use screws at the corners, as you lay the plywood. You can also use glue alone with no screws, however that might result in some curling of the plywood flooring, and of course you don't want that.

For the screws, you can spend a little bit of money, and get something different. You can use flat face screws, with 2 dimples. They are called tamper resistant screws, to be honest, I don't think the wood species matters. Once you have finished installing and screwing the plywood in, using wood putty or filler to fill the holes ad the sand it smooth.

Using plywood (luan/birch) as a top flooring is a unique and cost effective method for home improvement. Of course the cost cannot be beat, and you can throw down a mat or carpeting in high traffic areas, for example outside the kitchen or hallways.


http://bestluan.blogspot.com/2013/03/using-luan-plywood-as-flooring.html

http://bestluan.blogspot.com/2013/04/purchasing-luaun-wood-from-home-depot.html

http://bestluan.blogspot.com/2013/03/how-to-install-luan-plywood.html
http://bestluan.blogspot.com/2013/03/how-to-intall-luan-plywood-on-curved.html

http://bestluan.blogspot.com/2013/08/luan-plywood-pricing-at-lowes-home.html

http://bestluan.blogspot.com/2013/06/can-lauan-plywood-be-used-outside.html
http://bestluan.blogspot.com/2013/03/using-staples-to-install-luan-plywood.html

http://bestluan.blogspot.com/2013/06/best-way-to-cut-luan-board.html

http://bestluan.blogspot.com/2013/06/what-is-lauan-plywood-substrate.html

http://bestluan.blogspot.com/2013/03/stapling-luan-plywood-to-subfloor.html

Wednesday, March 26, 2014

Installation Instructions for Halex Plywood Underlayment

Plywood Underlayment Installation Instructions for Vinyl and Laminate Floor Covering Types:

Step 1


Make sure that the  Subfloor and  existing subfloor are dry, fastened tightly, structurally sound, and smooth. Reset all or remove protruding nail heads.

Step 2

Remove any soft, decayed or delaminated areas of the subfloor to ensure a proper space for the plywood underlayment. Add ring shank nails to any area of the subfloor that squeaks, has vertical movement, or is warped or cupped.

Step 3

Remove any construction debris, paint, caulk, or drywall compound that has built up on the surface. Fill low spots with patching compound; sand joints, high spots, and patched areas until smooth. In new construction, moisture tests of the existing subfloor and the Halex Plywood Underlayment panels are recommended.

Step 4

Acclimating the Plywood Underlayment which can set the Halex Plywood Underlayment panels to acclimate at the jobsite for 48 hours before they are installed. If  there is enough space, separate the Halex Plywood Underlayment panels and store them vertically around the room to allow air passage on each side.

Step 5

Laying out the Plywood Underlayment Lay out Halex Plywood Underlayment panels at a right angle to the grain of the existing subfloor panels. Install all full panels of Halex Plywood Underlayment in position and ensure that the grain of each panel is running in the same direction.




Step 6

Plywood underlayment panels and sheets must be installed at an offset from subfloor edges by at least 8 inches. Plywood underlayment panels should be staggered so that 4 corners do not meet. Lightly butt plywood underlayment panel edges together.

Step 7

Do not pressure  together, but at the same time do not leave any space. . Leave a minimum gap of 1/4 inch and a maximum gap of 1/2 inch between the plywood underlayment panel edges and the walls for expansion.

Step 8

Cut plywood underlayment sheets where necessary then lay out edges to  edge. Install any edges with jobsite cuts towards the wall. Cut the Plywood Underlayment to Make any long straight cuts from the underside of the plywood underlayment panel using a circular power saw with a fine toothed blade.

Step 9

Fix the blade to extend no more than 3/8' inches through the plywood underlayment to reducte the amount of splintering. Make any short or irregular cuts from the underside of the plywood underlayment panel using a power jig saw with a fine toothed blade. Drill any required holes through the face of the plywood underlayment panel.

Step 10

When choosing the the Plywood Underlayment Fasteners make sure to use  plated ring shank underlayment nails with a 3/16 inch diameter head or double coated chisel point staples with a 1/4 inch maximum crown. Then fasten the length to the selected so that the point will not extend through the bottom side of the subfloor. Do not use uncoated, cement coated, or rosin coated fasteners as they may contribute to staining.



Choosing the Right Brand of Plywood Underlayment

Brands of Plywood to Choose:

How do you go about choosing the right brand of plywood for you home renovation project. For buying plywood as underlayment, I find that brand choice does not matter much.

If concern about water damage and moisture is a big issue for you then, you may want to consider Dry Ply, a brand of coated plywood from Georgia-Pacific that works well as flooring underlayment.

If your project involves vinyl flooring, then you can buy brand-specific plywood. Halex plywood underlayment is tooled specifically to Armstrong, Mannington, Congoleum, and Domco/Tarkett floors. These specific plywood underlayment sheets made just for a particular brand of flooring, but you have brand-specific warranties for each.




Using  Plywood Underlayment as (Sub) Flooring


If you are looking at an inexpesive way to do flooring, you can use Plywood Underlayment, as Finished Flooring. The trick here is to cut the plywood sheets into tiles, about 4x4. You can also do it in 2x2' or 2x4'. This way it doesn't look like you just cheapened out and painted the subfloor. Make sure to properly sketch the layout of the room you plan to floor so you can make the proper adjust with regards to full plywood sheets, and those that you will have to specialty cut to create a uniform look around the room.


You don't need to pad between the subloor and the plywood, although I wouldn't recommend against it. (An acoustical foam underlay will help reduce noise). Lay the plywood sheets on top of the foam padding underlayment. Use glue and then use screws at the corners, as you lay the plywood. You can also use glue alone with no screws, however that might result in some curling of the plywood flooring, and of course you don't want that. For the screws, you can spend a little bit of money, and get something different.

You can use flat face screws, with 2 dimples. They are called tamper resistant screws, to be honest, I don't think the wood species matters. Once you have finished installing and screwing the plywood in, using wood putty or filler to fill the holes ad the sand it smooth. Using plywood (luan/birch) as a top flooring is a unique and cost effective method for home improvement.


Of course the cost cannot be beat, and you can throw down a mat or carpeting in high traffic areas, for example outside the kitchen or hallways. Things to Remember when it comes to Plywood Flooring There isn't going to be an isle in the home hardware or improvement store dedicated to Plywood Flooring, so you may have to think out of the box.